Research Director Jari Kaivo-oja is an expert working in the fields of foresight, planning sciences and innovation research. His special fields are foresight methodologies in sustainability analyses, in international energy economics and general societal development. He has applied innovation, creativity and Think tanking tools and science & technology foresight methods. He has special expertise in energy economics, innovation research, climate change and security politics. He has research experience in strategic and participatory foresight processes in Europa and in international contexts (Adviser of President Ahtisaari, CMI, especially in Africa, in Middle East (The Middle East Foresight), in Black Sea Region (The Middle East Foresight and Black Sea Peace Building Foresight) and in Asia (among other things 3 years in the Lao PDR and Mekong River research program).